Lithogeochemical and Nd-Sr isotope data of the orthogranulites of the Juiz de Fora complex, SE-Brazil: insights from a hidden Rhyacian Orogen within the Ribeira belt

Lucas Eduardo de Abreu Barbosa Araujo, Monica Heilbron, Claudio de Morisson Valeriano, Wilson Teixeira, Carla Cristine Aguiar Neto


New petrography, geochemistry and Sm-Nd and Sr data from the orthogranulites of the Juiz de Fora complex in southern Rio de Janeiro State and compiled information provide insights on the petrogenetic and tectonic evolution. The complex comprises several geochemical groups including mafic orthogranulites (three tholeiitic and one alkaline) and felsic orthogranulites (three calc-alkaline and one tholeiitic/low K calc-alkaline). New geochemical and isotope data, combined with available U-Pb data suggest a long evolutionary history from the Paleoproterozoic to the Neoproterozoic. The oldest magmatic episode produced juvenile to slightly contaminated arc-type Rhyacian rocks, as well as granitic rocks related to collision or post-collision episodes. Altogether these rocks integrate part of a dismembered Rhyacian orogen within the Ribeira belt. Few TDM Nd model ages yielded 2.75 to 2.58 Ga, suggesting minor Archean contribution for magma genesis. Some of the basic granulites’ bodies yield Meso- to Neoproterozoic TDM Nd model ages, which may refer to an extensional magmatism. Orthogranulites present granulite facies paragenesis, related to the youngest tectonic episode in the Juiz de Fora Complex (Brasiliano Orogeny). The new data are potentially important for Paleoproterozoic reconstruction models, due to the predominantly juvenile character of the Juiz de Fora complex, as similarly worldwide.


Paleoproterozoic juvenile arcs; Statherian Taphrogenesis; Juiz de Fora Complex.

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