Epidermal morphology of the cordaitalean leaf Noeggerathiopsis brasiliensis nom. nov. from the southern Paraná Basin (Lower Permian, Rio Bonito Formation) and paleoenvironmental considerations

Isabela Degani-Schmidt, Margot Guerra-Sommer

Resumo


A Brazilian cordaitalean leaf is reassigned and redescribed based on cuticular analysis. The new name Noeggerathiopsis brasiliensis is erected as a replacement for Rufloria gondwanensis Guerra-Sommer. The leaf adpressions come from a tonstein layer within a Sakmarian coal seam of the Faxinal Coalfield, southern Paraná Basin, Brazil (U–Pb SHRIMP mean age 291 ± 1.3 Ma, Rio Bonito Formation). The leaf micromorphological pattern, observed under optical transmitted light and field emission gun — scanning electron microscopy, is distinct from the Euramerian Cordaites Unger and very similar to the Angaran Rufloria Meyen. The lower epidermis has conspicuous longitudinal stomatiferous furrows typical of Noeggerathiopsis (Feistmantel) McLoughlin & Drinnan covered by tightly interwoven trichomes, epidermal and probably also hypodermal highly cutinized sheaths at the borders of furrows, and haplocheilic stomatal apparati surrounded by long conical trichomes. The xeromorphic cuticle structures are similar to those of Glossopteris pubescens (Guerra-Sommer) Degani-Schmidt & Guerra-Sommer, the dominant leaf species preserved in the tonstein layer, indicating convergent ecological adaptations to abiotic stress factors in distinct plant groups in the peat-forming paleoenvironment.


Palavras-chave


Gondwana; Cordaitales; Cuticular analysis; Trichomes; Paleozoic; Fossil plants.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-4889201920190020

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