THE MARA ROSA GOLD DISTRICT, CENTRAL BRAZIL

NELY PALERMO, CLAUDIO GERHEIM PORTO, CARLOS NOGUEIRA DA COSTA JR.

Resumo


In the Mara Rosa District, three different magmatic series have been identified and all of them host gold mineralization. The Mara Rosa Metavolcano-Sedimentary Sequence constitutes a poorly differentiated calc-alkaline magmatic series typical of arc settings. It is arranged into three belts, forming synclinal structures and was affected by high-grade amphibolite facies metamorphism. Early intrusive rocks of the Posse Unit show an alkaline affinity and host the epigenetic Posse Gold Deposit, which is associated with a late hydrothermal event, preferentially where earlier shear zones are present. Early hydrothermal alteration has produced an aluminous, sulphide rich greisen rock, which is barren of gold. Slices of an allochthonous and more magnesian sequence are associated with metachert and graphitic schists that host the syngenetic Au-Ag Zacarias mineralization and extensions. Gold-bearing quartz veins were emplaced before the second main isoclinal folding event. Supergene ore has played an important role in the mining activity of the Mara Rosa Region, since it represents the majority of the ore exploited. It is possible that yet undiscovered deposits lay hidden underneath the extensive lateritic cover.

Palavras-chave


Gold; Volcanic Sequence; Mara Rosa; Brazil.

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