Geologia, geoquímica e petrologia de basaltos da Província Magmática Continental do Paraná nas regiões de Uberlândia, Araguari, Uberaba e Sacramento, Minas Gerais

Lucia Castanheira de Moraes, Hildor José Seer, Leila Soares Marques

Resumo


This study covers the region between the cities of Sacramento and Araguari/Uberlândia (Minas Gerais State, Brazil), where basalt flows from the Paraná Continental Magmatic Province outcrop. The investigated rocks present tholeiitic signature, with high titanium content, and are classified as Pitanga magma-type. The preserved basalt thickness is between 10 and 200 meters and individual flows do not exceed 15 meters thick. Flows were identified as sheet lobes, smaller and thinner flows units — stacked laterally and vertically forming compound lavas —, or frontal, centimetric lobes. The basalt flows show decimetric to metric intercalations of clastic sedimentary rock, with depositional characteristics that can vary from aeolian to lacustrine, and are important markers on prevailing environmental conditions. The plagioclases are dominantly labradorite and pyroxene is augite, whereas olivine can be hyalosiderite or hortonolite/ferrohortonolite. The behavior of the major, minor and trace elements is compatible with the presence of at least two parental magmas, which were subjected to fractional crystallization mainly of plagioclase, clinopyroxene, ilmenite and magnetite. There is a chemistry distinction between basalts from Sacramento to those from Araguari/Uberlândia region, the former one showing more evolved than the last one. The high (La/Lu)N values are indicative of partial melting of a garnet peridotite, while the Rare Earth Elements (REE) values are indicative of fractional crystallization.

Palavras-chave


Paraná-Etendeka Province; Lithostratigraphy; Petrography; Lithochemistry; Mineral chemistry.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-4889201820170091

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